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Medical Terms & Phrases

CARDIOLOGY 

amaurosis fugax

aneurysm

angina pectoris

angiocardiography

angiogram

angiography

angioplasty

anterolateral

aorta

aortic septal defect

aortic stenosis

arrhythmia

arteriosclerosis

ASD = atrial septal defect

asystole

atherosclerosis

atrial fibrillation

atrial tachycardia

atrioventricular nodal tachycardia

atrioventricular node

AV block = atrioventricular block

AV nodal reentry tachycardia

beta blocker

bifascicular block

bradycardia

Bruce protocol

bruit

bundle branch block

bundle of His

calcium channel blocker

cardiac arrest

cardiac catheterization

cardiac enzymes

Cardiolite

cardiomegaly

cardiomyopathy

cardioversion

carotid bruit

CK = creatine kinase

claudication

click

coarctation of the aorta

congenital heart disease

congestive heart failure or CHF

coronary angioplasty

coronary arteries

coronary artery bypass graft or CABG (sounds “cabbage”)

coronary artery disease or CAD

coronary bypass surgery

coronary steal syndrome

CPK = creatine phosphokinase

CPK-MB = creatine phosphokinase of muscle band

crescendo-decrescendo

diastole

diastolic murmur

digitalis

digoxin

dobutamine stress echocardiography

Doppler ultrasound flowmeter

downward sloping

ECG = electrocardiogram

echocardiography

ejection murmur

electrocardiogram

electrocardiography

emboli

embolus

endarterectomy

endocarditis

endocardium

fibrillation

flutter

fusion beats

gallium scan

gallop

global hypokinesis

heave

hemiblock

holosystolic murmur

Holter monitor

infarction

inferior lead

interatrial septum

interval

interventricular septum

ischemia

LBBB = left bundle branch block

LVH = left ventricular hypertrophy

MB fraction

MI = mitral insufficiency

MI = myocardial infarction

mitral regurgitation

mitral stenosis

mitral valve

mitral valve prolapse

Mobitz type I heart block

Mobitz type II heart block

multivessel

murmur

myocardium

narrow complex tachycardia

necrosis

nitro paste = nitroglycerin paste

nitroglycerin

NSR (normal sinus rhythm)

PAC = premature atrial contraction

P-R interval

pacemaker

palpitations

PDA or patent ductus arteriosus

pericardial tamponade

pericarditis

pericarditis-myocarditis syndrome

pericardium

Persantine stress test

Persantine thallium stress test

phlebitis

phlebotomy

porcine prosthetic valve

precordium

prosthetic click

PSVT = paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia

PTCA = percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

PVC = premature ventricular contraction

Q wave

QRS alternans

QRS changes

QRS complex

QRS complex tachycardia

QRS interval

QRS vector

QRS-ST junction

QRS-T changes

QRST interval

Q-T interval

quadrigeminy

R wave

Raynaud phenomenon

RBBB = right bundle branch block

regurgitation

rheumatic heart disease

right ventricular hypertrophy or RVH

ROMI = rule out myocardial infarction

rub

septal defect

septum

sestamibi

sestamibi stress test

sick sinus syndrome

sinoatrial node

sinus bradycardia

situs solitus

ST depression

ST elevation

ST segment

ST segment depression

ST segment elevation

steal syndrome

ST-T wave

supraventricular tachycardia or SVT

systole

systolic ejection murmur

systolic whoop

T wave

tachybrady

tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome or tachy-brady syndrome

tachydysrhythmia

TEE (transesophageal echocardiography)

tetralogy of Fallot

thallium stress test

thrill

thrombolytic therapy

t-PA or tissue plasminogen activator

transesophageal echocardiography or TEE

treadmill stress test

tricuspid regurgitation

tricuspid valve

troponin I 

troponin T

valvuloplasty

Vas-Cath

vascular insult

vasoconstriction

vegetation

vena cava

Wenckebach

white-coat hypertension

wide complex tachycardia

WPW (Wolff-Parkinson-White) syndrome

PULMONOLOGY

acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

aerosol therapy

air trapping

airflow

airflow obstruction

alveolar volume

anosmia

aphonia

arterial blood gas (ABG)

asbestosis

aspiration pneumonia

assist-controlled mechanical ventilation (ACMV)

AutoPap

BiPAP

bronchial washings

bronchiogenic

bronchodilator therapy

bronchoscopy

bronchospasm

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

CO2

CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure)

CPAP titration level was _____ cm of water

daytime somnolence

diffusing capacity

DLCO (diffusing capacity of lung for carbon monoxide)

dyspnea on exertion

emphysema

empyema

endotracheal intubation

Epworth sleepiness scale

ethmoid sinuses

exercise-induced asthma

FEF (forced expiratory flow)

FEF25-75%

FEV1

FEV1/FVC

fiberoptic bronchoscopy

FiO2

flow volume loop

FRC (functional residual capacity)

frontal sinuses

FVC

ground-glass appearance

ground-glass opacification

hand-held nebulizer

hemoptysis

hypercapnia

hyperinflation

hyperpnea

hypoxemia

hypoxia

ILD (interstitial lung disease)

incentive spirometry

inhaled corticosteroid

IPF (interstitial pulmonary fibrosis)

IPPV (intermittent positive pressure ventilation)

lingula

maxillary sinuses

maximum voluntary ventilation

MDI (metered-dose inhaler)

MVV (maximum voluntary ventilation)

nocturnal polysomnography

nonrebreathing mask

O2

obstructive defect

obstructive impairment

obstructive lung disease

orthopnea

OSA (obstructive sleep apnea)

overnight oximetry

parenchyma

parenchymal

PCO2

PEEP (positive end-expiratory pressure)

PFTs (pulmonary function tests)

PND (paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea)

Pneumocystis carinii

Pneumovax

PO2

polysomnography

PPD (tuberculosis test)

PSG (polysomnography)

pulmonary artery wedge pressure

pulmonary capillary wedge pressure

pulmonary hypertension

rebreathing mask

restrictive impairment

saturations on room air

sawtooth pattern

Shiley tracheostomy tube

silicosis

sleep disordered breathing

somnolence

spirometry

steroids with taper

three-pillow orthopnea

tidal volume

TLC (total lung capacity)

TLV (total lung volume)

tracheostomy cuff

tracheostomy stoma

two-pillow orthopnea

updraft treatment

Venti mask

ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scan

Wegener granulomatosis

witnessed apneas

work of breathing (e.g., increased work of breathing) 

OPHTHALMOLOGY

AcrySof lens

air-fluid gas exchange

akinesia

aqueous fluid

Acular

Alcon lens

Alphagan

Amvisc Plus

anterior chamber

Atkinson needle

atropine

balanced salt solution

baseball stitch

Beaver blade

belly (of muscle)

bimanual technique

BIOM (binocular indirect ophthalmic microscope)

blepharoplasty

blepharostat

brunescent cataract

BSS cannula

Calibri forceps

canthal angle

capsular bag

capsule polisher

Carbocaine plain

Cavitron-Kelman

ceftazidime

chalk-white cataract

chip-and-flip technique

Chiron

conjunctival peritomy

Connor forceps

Connor wand

corneal relaxing incisions

corneal trough

cortex

cortical material

cotton pad

crescent blade

crescent knife

cryopexy

cryotherapy

curved Stevens scissors

curvilinear capsulorrhexis

Descemet membrane

Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty technique

Desmarres knife

Desmarres lid clamp

Desmarres retractor

Devers dissectors

diopters

dividing-conquer fashion

egress

elastoplast tape dressing

endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation

endothelial keratoplasty technique

epinucleus

episcleral bite

ExPress shunt

extracapsular cataract extraction

eye knife

eye pad

eye shield

eyelid crease

Feaster diamond blade

flocculent material

fluorescein strip

forced ductions

fornix-based conjunctival flap

fornix based flap

foveal burn

Fox eye shield

Fragmatome

freeze-thaw technique

funduscopy

Garamycin

Gass muscle hook

globe

golden ring sign

Grieshaber blade

hand-over-hand technique

Healon

Hessburg-Barron punch / trephine

hydrodelineation

hydrodissection

I&A handpiece

IA tip

iatrogenic retinal breaks

indirect laser photocoagulation

indirect ophthalmoscopy

Indocyanine green dye (ICG)

Inferior oblique muscle

intracamerally

Iopidine ophthalmic drops

iris hook

irrigation-aspiration handpiece

Jameson hook

keratome

keratoscope

Kuglen hook

Lacrilube

lagophthalmos

LASIK

lateral palpebral raphe

Lester manipulator

levator aponeurosis

levator function

lid speculum

Lieberman wire lid speculum

light pipe

limbal groove

limbal paracentesis

limbus

loupe magnification

macular pucker

Maxitrol ointment

McPherson forceps

medial canthus

methylene blue

Miochol

Miostat

Monarch cartridge

Monarch injector

MVR blade

nasolacrimal duct

nuclear cracking technique

nucleus

O'Brien facial block

Ocuflox

_____ o'clock position (blank would be the appropriate number dictated by doc)

ocular transillumination

operating keratoscope

Optisol

orbicularis oculi

orbital rim

palpebral conjunctiva

pars plana

perfluorocarbon liquid

peribulbar anesthesia

phacoemulsification

phaco tip

pilocarpine

pinch technique

plana vitrectomy

Polysporin ointment

posterior chamber

posterior chamber lens implantation

Provisc

punctal orifice

pupilloplasty

rectus muscle

retinal detachment

retrobulbar block

retrobulbar injection

Rosenwasser shovel

sclera (hangback position/technique)

scleral bag

scleral buckle

scleral defect

scleral trapdoor

sclerotomy

Seidel testing

senile immature cataract

side-port knife

side-port incision

Sinskey hook

slit-lamp examination

stop-and-chop technique

stromal hydration

subciliary

subgaleal dissection

superonasal fornix

Synergetics retinal pick

Tano eraser

Tano ring

tarsal plate

tarsoconjunctival wedge

tenon’s fascia

Tenon's space or capsule

Tenzel elevator

Tenzel flap

Tenzel forceps

tetracaine drops

Thornton fixation ring

timolol

Timoptic

TobraDex

towel clamp

Trypan blue

Ultrata capsulorrhexis forceps

uveal

Vannas scissors

Vigamox

Viscoat

viscoelastic

Vision Blue (contrast) - used during cataract surgery

vitreal tuft

vitrector probe

vitreous hemorrhage

vitreous wicks

watertight

Watzke sleeve

Weck-Cel sponge

wedge-shaped incision

Westcott scissors

wet-field cautery

wide angle viewing system

wire lid speculum

Weck trephine

Wydase

GASTROENTEROLOGY

achalasia

air-fluid level

ampulla of Vater

amylase

anastomoses

anastomosis

anorexia

antral gastropathy

antrum of stomach

appendiceal orifice

ascending colon

ascites

atresia

Barrett esophagus

bile

biliary atresia

bilirubin

Billroth I

Billroth II

bowel

Calot triangle

cardia of stomach

cardiac sphincter

cecal volvulus

cholangiectasis

cholecystectomy

cholecystitis

choledochojejunostomy

choledocholithiasis

cholelithiasis

cholescintigraphy

cirrhosis

colectomy

colon

colonic polyposis

colonoscopy

colorectal cancer

colostomy

common bile duct

Crohn disease

cystic duct

descending colon

diarrhea

diverticula

diverticulum

duodenal bulb

duodenum

dyspepsia

dysphagia

E. coli (Escherichia coli)

endoscope

enteric duplication

enterocolitis

epicardia

epigastric

ERCP or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

eructation

esophagogastric junction

esophagogastroduodenoscopy or EGD

flatus

fluid wave

gallbladder

gastric emptying scan

gastroenteritis

gastrojejunostomy

GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease

greater omentum

Hartmann operation

hematemesis

hemoptysis

hemorrhoids

hepatic flexure

hepatomegaly

hepatosplenomegaly

hiatal hernia

high-fiber diet

HJR or hepatojugular reflux

hyperbilirubinemia

ileitis

ileocecal sphincter

ileocecal valve

ileostomy

ileum

ileus

inflammatory bowel disease

inguinal hernia

intestinal obstruction

intussusception

irregular Z-line

irritable bowel syndrome or IBS

jaundice

jejunum

laparoscopy

large bowel

laxative

lesser curvature of the stomach

lipase

McBurney point

melena

nasogastric tube

nausea

nutcracker esophagus

PEG or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

PEG tube

perianal

peristalsis

postprandial

pouchitis

proctologist

proctosigmoidoscopy

pyloric sphincter

pyloric stenosis

pylorus

rectum

reflux esophagitis

Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy

Roux-en-Y operation

rugae

rugal fold

Schatzki ring

sigmoid colon

sigmoidoscopy

sphincter

splenic flexure

splenomegaly

suppository

terminal ileum

Toupet fundoplication

tongues of salmon-colored epithelium

tracheoesophageal fistula

transverse colon

ulcerative colitis

upper GI series

villi

villous papilloma

volvulus

well-rugated stomach

Whipple operation

white line of Toldt 

ORTHOPEDICS

abduction

abduction deformity

abduction hip orthosis

abduction pillow

abductor digiti minimi

abductor hallucis

abductor pollicis brevis

abductovalgus

Abernethy fascia

above-knee amputation (or AKA)

AC joint (or acromioclavicular joint)

acetabulum

acromion

active-assisted range of motion

active-assistive

adduction

adduction deformity

adductor brevis

adductor pollicis

alar ligament

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (or ALS)

ankle arthrodesis

ankle clonus

ankle equinus

ankylosing spondylitis

ankylosis

anterior cruciate ligament (or ACL)

anterior serratus muscle

aponeurosis (plural = aponeuroses)

aponeurosis of tendon

arch support

arthrocentesis

arthrodesis

arthropathy

arthroplasty

arthroscope

arthroscopy

arthrosis

arthrotomy

articulation

atlantooccipital

atlantooccipital joint

atlas

atrophy

axis

below-knee amputation (or BKA)

bunion

bursa (plural = bursae)

bursitis

calcaneal

calcaneoastragaloid

calcaneocuboid joint

calcaneus (plural = calcanei)

cancellous bone

carpal tunnel syndrome

cartilage

cartilaginous

cervical lordosis

cervical vertebra

chondrocostal

chondroma

chondromalacia

clavicle

coccyx

comminuted fracture

condyle

congenital flatfoot

coracoid process

costochondral

costoclavicular

costotransverse

craniotomy

crepitus

cruciate ligament

cuneiform joint

decompressive laminectomy

diaphysis

disarticulation

dislocation

distal interphalangeal joint

dorsiflexion

endochondral ossification

epiphyseal plate

equinocavovarus deformity

equinocavus foot

ethmoid bone

ethmoid sinuses

exostosis

extension

facet joint

false pelvis

fascia

fasciectomy

fasciorrhaphy

femoral

femur

fibromyalgia

fibula

fibular

fifth metacarpal

fissure

flatfoot

flexion

fontanel

fontanels

foramen

foramen magnum

fossa

frontal bone

ganglion

genu varus

glenoid cavity

gluteal tuberosity

gout

gouty arthritis

greater trochanter

greater tuberosity

hallux

hallux abductovalgus (or HAV)

hallux abductus

hallux rigidus

hallux valgus angle (or HVA)

hallux varus

hallux varus correction

hamstring

heel cup

heel equinus

heel spur

heel walk

hemarthrosis

hindfoot valgus

humeral

humerus

hydrarthrosis

hypercalcemia

hypertrophy

iliac

iliofemoral ligament

iliopectineal line

iliosacral joints

ilium

impacted fracture

inferior nasal conchae

innominate bones

intercondylar notch

intercostals

intercuneiform joints

intermetacarpal joint

interosseous

intersesamoid

interspinous

intertrochanteric crest

intertrochanteric line

intertubercular groove

intervolar

intramembranous ossification

ischial

ischial spine

ischium

joint laxity

joint line pain

joint warmth

knuckles

kyphosis

lacrimal groove

lamina

laminectomy

lateral epicondyle

lateral epicondylitis

lateral meniscus

lesser trochanter

lesser tuberosity

ligament

ligamentous

ligaments

lordosis

lumbar spine lordosis

lumbar vertebra

lumbodynia

lumbosacral

lumbosacral joint

lunotriquetral ligament

Lyme disease

malar bones

malleolar

malleolus

mandible

mandibular

mandibular condyle

mastoid process

medial epicondyle

medial meniscus

medial parapatellar arthrotomy

medullary cavity

metacarpal lengthening

metacarpals

metacarpectomy

metacarpophalangeal joint

metacarpus

metatarsal head resection

metatarsalgia

metatarsals

metatarsus

MTP (or metatarsophalangeal)

multilevel laminectomy

muscular dystrophy

myalgia

myofibroma

myopathy

myositis

occipital bone

occipital condyles

odontoid

olecranal

olecranon

olecranon fossa

orthopedic

os

ossa tarsi

ossification

osteoarthritis

osteoblast

osteochondroma

osteodystrophy

osteogenesis imperfecta

osteogenic sarcoma

osteomalacia

osteomyelitis

osteoporosis

osteotome

pachydactyly

Paget disease

palatine process

paranasal frontal sinuses

parietal bones

partial ankylosis

patella

patellapexy

patellofemoral

pectoral

pectoralis major

pectoralis minor

pelvic outlet

perichondrium

peroneal

phalangeal

phalanges

phalanx

plantar aponeurosis

pronation

pubic rami

pubic symphysis

radial

radial tuberosity

radius

reduction

rheumatoid arthritis

rheumatologist

rotation

sacral vertebra

sacrococcygeal

sacroiliac joint

sartorius muscle (tendon)

scapula

scapular

sciatic nerve

scoliosis

sequestrectomy

sequestrum

sinus

sinus tarsi

skeletal amyloidosis

skeletal dysplasia

skeletal wry neck

spastic flatfoot

spastic paralysis

sphenoid bone

sphenoid sinuses

spinal fusion

spinous processes

spondylitis

spondylolisthesis

spondylosis

sprain

sternal angle

sternocleidomastoid

sternum

strain

striated muscle

styloid process

subcostal

subluxation

subpatellar

subtalar arthrodesis

supination

supraclavicular

supraorbital fossa

suprasternal notch

suture joint

symphysis pubis

synarthroses

synovial bursa

synovial cyst

synovial fluid

synovial joint

synovial joints

synovial membrane

synovial sheath

synovitis

systemic lupus erythematosus

talipes

talipes cavus

talipes convex pes valgus

talipes equinus

talocalcaneal

talonavicular arthrodesis

tarsals

tarsectomy

tarsus

temporal bones

tendinitis

tendon

tenosynovitis

tetany

thoracic spine lordosis

thoracic vertebra

tibia

tibial

tibiotalar

tic

TMJ or temporomandibular joint

tonus

torn meniscus

transverse foramina

transverse processes

triceps brachii

trochanter

trochlea

trochlea peronealis

true pelvis

tubercle

tuberosity

ulna

ulnar

ulnar gutter

ulnar malleolus

ulnar nerve entrapment

ulnar nerve palsy

ulnar styloid fracture

ulnotriquetral ligament

valgus contracture

valgus foot

valgus stress test

varus plafond

vastus intermedius

vastus lateralis

vastus medialis

vertebral arch

vertebral compression fracture

vertebral foramen

vertebral fusion

vertebral instability

vertebral ribs

vertebral wedging

volar

volar aspect

volar surface

weightbearing joint

xiphoid process

MALE REPRODUCTION

AMS Ambicor 2-piece inflatable penile implant

androgen

anorchism

aspermia

asthenospermia

asthenozoospermia

azoospermia

balanitis

balanoplasty

balanoposthitis

base of prostate

benign prostatic hyperplasia

benign prostatic hypertrophy

Buck fascia

bulbocavernosus reflex

bulbourethral

bulbourethral gland

castration

chancre

chlamydial infection

chordee

circumcision

coronal hypospadias

cremasteric reflex

cryogenic surgery

cryptorchism

dartos fascia

Denonvilliers ligament

diphallus

Dupuytren hydrocele

ejaculation

ejaculatory duct

elevator muscle of prostate

embryonal carcinoma

epididymides

epididymidis

epididymis

epididymitis

epispadias

eunuch

extraprostatic

flagellum

foreskin

Fournier disease

glans penis

Gleason tumor grade

gonad

gonadal mosaicism

gonadectomy

gonorrhea

herpes genitalis

hooded prepuce

hydrocele

hypospadias

ilioinguinal nerve

impotence

interstitial cells

lobe of prostate

Mentor inflatable penile prosthesis

oligospermia

oligozoospermia

one-piece inflatable penile prosthesis

orchiectomy

orchiopexy

orchitis

paraphimosis

penile implant

penile prosthesis

penoscrotal hypospadias

perineal hypospadias

perineum

Peyronie disease

phallocampsis

phallus

phimosis

polyspermia

prepuce

priapism

prostate gland

prostatectomy

prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

prostatic hyperplasia

prostatitis

prostatolithotomy

puboprostatic

scrotal hypospadias

scrotal pump

scrotal support

scrotum

semen

seminal fluid

seminal vesicles

seminiferous tubules

seminiferous tubules

seminoma

sperm count

sperm washing

spermatogenesis

spermatozoa

spermatozoon

spermicide

spermolytic

sterilization

stroma

syphilis

teratoma

testicular

testis (testes)

testosterone

three-piece inflatable penile implant

trichomoniasis

tunica albuginea of corpora cavernosa

tunica albuginea of corpus spongiosum

two-piece inflatable penile implant

undescended testis

urethral groove

urethral warmer

varicocele

varicocelectomy

vas deferens

vasectomy

vasography

venereal disease

verumontanum

webbed penis

zygote

Nephrology/Urology

acute nephritic syndrome
 
acute renal failure
 
allergic interstitial nephritis
 
allogenic renal transplant
 
amyloidosis
 
anuria
 
anuric
 
Ash Split Cath
 
atherosclerotic renovascular disease
 
ATN or acute tubular necrosis
 
AV fistula
 
AV or arteriovenous
 
AVF or arteriovenous fistula
 
bacteruria
 
bladder trabeculation
 
BPH = benign prostatic hyperplasia OR benign prostatic hypertrophy
 
BUN or blood urea nitrogen
 
cadaveric transplant
 
calciuria
 
calculi
 
calculus
 
calyceal system
 
calyces
 
calyx
 
CellCept
 
clean-catch urine
 
collapsing glomerulosclerosis
 
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
 
creatinine
 
creatinine clearance
 
culture and sensitivity (C&S)
 
cystic renal dysplasia
 
cystinuria
 
diabetic glomerulosclerosis
 
diabetic nephropathy
 
dialysis amyloidosis
 
Dornier lithotripter
 
ESRD or end-stage renal disease
 
extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy or ESWL
 
focal glomerulosclerosis
 
GFR or glomerular filtration rate
 
Groshong catheter
 
hemodialysis
 
hemolysis
 
hemorrhagic cystitis
 
Hickman catheter
 
horseshoe kidney
 
Hurwitz dialysis catheter
 
hydronephrosis
 
hydroureter
 
hypoplastic kidney
 
idiopathic glomerular diseases
 
interstitial nephritis
 
intracorporeal lithotripter
 
IVP or intravenous pyelogram
 
KUB = kidneys, ureters, bladder
 
line of Toldt
 
lithotripter
 
lupus nephritis
 
medullary sponge kidney
 
necrotizing glomerulonephritis
 
nephrolithiasis
 
nephropexy
 
nephrostomy
 
nephrostomy tube
 
nephrotic syndrome
 
obstructive renal failure
 
oliguria
 
papillary lesions
 
perihilar glomerulosclerosis
 
peritoneal dialysis
 
PermCath dual-lumen catheter
 
polyuria
 
prerenal azotemia
 
prostatic urethra
 
prostatism
 
prostatitis
 
PTH or parathyroid hormone
 
pyelonephritis
 
renal colic
 
renal dysplasia
 
renal hilum
 
steal syndrome
 
Tesio catheter
 
tubular necrosis
 
urea clearance
 
ureteral orifice
 
ureteral vesical reflux
 
ureteroscopy
 
urethra
 
urinalysis
 
urinary retention
 
urinary tract obstruction
 
UTI or urinary tract infection
 
Vas-Cath catheter
 
venous port
 
voiding cystourethrogram or VCUG
 
voiding trial
 

Urologic Procedures

 Cystoscopy, lithotripsy, prostatectomy, prostate seeding 

  
_____ seeds were placed using _____ needles (insertion of palladium seeds procedure)
 
0.035-inch guidewire
 
5-French open-ended catheter
 
5-French x 24 cm stent
 
5-French occlusion balloon catheter
 
6-French 24 cm double-J stent
 
6.4-French semirigid Olympus ureteroscope
 
6.5-French self-dilating ureteroscope
 
7 x 24 double-J stent
 
12- and 70-degree lenses
 
30-degree lens

21-French cystoscope sheath
 
24-French 3-way Foley catheter
 
24-French resectoscope sheath
 
aberrant seeds
 
AMS Dura-II penile prosthesis
 
anterior rectus sheath
 
argon beam for cauterization
 
athletic supporter
 
Balfour retractor
 
Bentson guidewire
 
biplanar 6 MHz rectal probe
 
bladder inspected with 30 and 70 degree lenses
 
bladder neck
 
bladder neuromodulator
 
Brooks dilator
 
Bugbee electrode
 
bulbar urethral stricture
 
Calcutript
 
cellule
 
Chelsea-Eaton anal speculum
 
Coloplast Titan three-piece penile prosthesis
 
coude catheter
 
cGy (centigray)
 
cobblestone urothelium
 
collecting system
 
cutting loop
 
Cunningham clamp
 
cystogram
 
cystoscopy suite
 
cystourethroscopy
 
da Vinci radical prostatectomy
 
Dartos fascia
 
dilated with female sounds
 
diverticulum
 
dome of bladder
 
Dornier lithotriptor
 
double-J stent
 
double pigtail Percuflex (ureteral stent)
 
Ellik evacuator
 
ESWL (extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy)
 
extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
 
extravasation
 
filling defects
 
filiform catheter
 
flexible cystoscopy
 
French ACMI panendoscope (eg, 21-French, 23-French ACMI panendoscope)
 
French instrument (eg. 21-French)
 
Furlow device
 
GE ultrasound apparatus
 
Glidewire
 
GreenLight laser prostatectomy
 
Gyrus resectoscope
 
Harmonic scalpel
 
hemiscrotum
 
hemorrhagic cystitis
 
holmium laser fiber
 
Holmium laser prostatectomy
 
hydraulic distention of bladder
 
hydrocele sac
 
Iglesias electrotome
 
indigo carmine injection
 
interstitial cystitis
 
intramural ureter
 
iodine-125 radioactive seeds
 
kidney delivered through the GelPort
 
kidney rest
 
kissing lobes (term occurs in relation to BPH or benign prostatic hypertrophy)
 
KUB
 
laser ablation
 
lidocaine jelly
 
litholapaxy
 
malleable blade
 
Marshall test
 
McDougal clamp
 
meatus
 
Metzenbaum scissors
 
Nitinol basket (for stone extraction)
 
Nottingham dilator
 
obturator nerve
 
O'Connor drape
 
Olympus cystoscope
 
open-ended catheter
 
optical urethrotomy
 
palladium-103 interstitial prostate seeding
 
palladium-103 seeds
 
pelvic brim
 
pendulous urethra
 
penoscrotal incision
 
Polaris double-pigtail stent
 
Pollack catheter
 
Polocaine (used as penile block in circumcision)
 
prostatic fossa
 
prostatic varices
 
puboprostatic ligaments
 
rear-tip extenders (penile prosthesis surgery term)
 
red rubber catheter
 
retrograde pyelogram
 
retropubic space of Retzius
 
rigid grasper
 
roller ball electrode
 
rubber shod clamp
 
Rutner-tip catheter
 
self-dilating ureteroscope
 
seminal vesicles
 
sensor wire
 
shocks delivered to stone (lithotripsy procedure)
 
space of Retzius
 
spermatic cord
 
stone basket
 
subdartos pouch
 
suprapubic exploration
 
symphysis pubis
 
tortuosity of the ureter
 
trabeculated bladder
 
trabeculation (eg, 4+ trabeculation, etc.)
 
transrectal ultrasonography
 
trigone
 
trilobar hyperplasia
 
trilobar hypertrophy of prostate
 
trilobar occlusion of the bladder outlet
 
tumescence
 
tunica albuginea of corpora cavernosa
 
TVT urethrovesical suspension
 
twenty-two needles
 
ureteral orifice
 
ureteropelvic junction
 
ureterorenoscopy
 
urinary efflux
 
Van Buren sounds
 
vas deferens
 
Vaseline gauze
 
verumontanum
 
Walther dilator (used to dilate female urethra)
 
watt power

Wound Care

 3M Tegaderm Ag Mesh dressing
 
Accuzyme
 
AcryDerm Strands
 
Acticoat dressing
 
Actisorb
 
aerobic and anaerobic cultures
 
Allevyn foam dressing
 
Algidex
 
alginate dressing
 
AlgiSite M dressing
 
ALLCLENZ wound cleanser
 
Allevyn wound dressing
 
Amerigel topical ointment
 
Apligraf
 
AQUACEL Ag dressing
 
Bard Absorption Dressing
 
beefy red wound bed
 
Biobrane skin substitute
 
callus
 
CellerateRx wound dressing
 
Centurion SorbaView
 
Cica-Care scar treatment gel sheet
 
Clean 'N Moist wound cleanser
 
coalesced ulcer
 
ColActive Ag antimicrobial collagen dressing
 
Collagenase Santyl Ointment
 
Comfeel hydrocolloid dressing
 
Constant-Clens
 
CovRSite Plus
 
Curity AMD gauze dressing
 
Cutinova Thin hydrocolloid dressing
 
debrided
 
dehiscence
 
DermaClose RC
 
DermaKlenz
 
Di-Dak-Sol
 
DuoDERM
 
Engenex negative pressure wound therapy
 
enzymatic debriding agents
 
epithelization
 
Ethezyme 830 Papain Urea Debriding Ointment
 
Excilon AMD dressing
 
fibrinous exudate
 
fibrous base
 
FyBron calcium alginate dressing
 
Gentell dressing
 
Gladase
 
granular base
 
granulation tissue
 
gritty appearance
 
HBO therapy
 
Humatrix Microclysmic Gel
 
Hydrofera Blue dressing
 
hypergranulation
 
hyperkeratotic tissue
 
Iodosorb
 
Invia negative pressure wound therapy system
 
irregular margins
 
Kovia Ointment
 
Maxorb Extra Ag antimicrobial wound dressing
 
Mepilex Lite dressing
 
Mepitel dressing
 
Mepore
 
Normlgel Impregnated Gauze
 
OASIS wound matrix
 
Panafil ointment
 
PolyMem Silver dressing
 
PolyWic wound filler
 
pressure ulcer
 
Prisma wound dressing
 
Profore dressing
 
Promogran Prisma dressing
 
Prospera PRO-I negative pressure wound therapy
 
Puri-Clens
 
Regranex (wound healing agent)
 
RepliCare hydrocolloid wound dressing
 
Restore CalciCare wound dressing
 
Sea-Clens wound cleanser
 
Semmes-Weinstein monofilament
 
serous drainage/discharge
 
Shur-Clens
 
Silon Dual-Dress 04P wound dressing
 
SilvaSorb Gel
 
SilverDerm7 antimicrobial dressing
 
Silverlon dressing
 
sinus tract
 
slough (sounds phonetically as sluff)
 
Sorbalgon alginate dressing
 
Stratasorb
 
Techni-Care wound cleanser
 
tunneling
 
undermining
 
Unna boots
 
Unna-Pak
 
viable tissue
 
VigiFOAM
 
Vigilon hydrogel dressing
 
Wagner ulcer grading (classification) system
 
well coated
 
WOUN'DRES collagen hydrogel dressing
 
wound VAC
 

ORTHOPEDICS AND NEUROSURGERY 

(inferior or superior) pole of the patella

0.054 K-wire

13-hole LISS plate

135-degree four-hole side plate

1/8-inch drill bit

4-in-1 femoral cutting block

ABD pads

abduction pillow

Accolade TMZF femoral stem

Ace bandage

Ace wrap

Achilles tendon lengthening

Acumed medial distal humeral plate

acetabulum

ACL (anterior cruciate ligament)

ACL footprint on the tibia

adhesive drapes

aggressive meniscus cutter

anatomical alignment

Ancef

anchoring holes

ankle mortise

anterior horn

anterolateral arthroscopic portal

antibiotic cement spacer

AO splint

AP and lateral views

Arthrex bioabsorbable screw

Arthrex bioabsorbable TransFix pin

ArthroCare ablation device

ArthroCare unit

ArthroCare wand

arthroscopic debridement of labral tears

arthroscopic leg holder

arthroscopic sleeve

articulating cartilage

Asnis cannulated screws

autogenous bone

awl

axillary roll

ball tip guidewire

Bankart shoulder retractor

baseplate

basket shaver

beach chair position

bean bag

bent Homan retractor

Betadine-impregnated Vi-Drape

bioabsorbable Delta interference screw

Bio-Corkscrew suture anchor 

bipolar prosthetic replacement

bleeders were cauterized

bleeders were coagulated

blunt obturator

blunt trocar

bone-patellar tendon-bone allograft

bone plug

bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft

bony prominences were padded

both-bone forearm fracture

box chisel

box osteotome

broach

bulky dressings

bunion

bur hole

calcar

cancellous allograft

cancellous allograft chips

cancellous surface

cannulated reamer

cannulated screws

care taken to protect neurovascular structures

C-arm fluoroscopy

cement mantle

cement restrictor

cement was vacuum mixed

cemented stem

chamfer cuts

Charnley retractor

chisel

chondroplasty

clavipectoral fascia

cobalt chrome head

Coban wrap / dressing

Cobb elevator

comminuted

conical reamers

ConstaVac

constrained polyethylene liner

corkscrew

coronal plane

cortical nonlocking screw

cortical screw

crosslink polyethylene

curetted

curing of the cement

curvilinear incision

cutting guide

cyclops lesion

debrided back to stable tissue

deep-dish polyethylene liner

deltopectoral approach

deltopectoral interval

DePuy cement

distal locking screws

drill

drill bit

drill holes

DuraPrep

DuraPrep scrub

Dyonics shaver

eburnated bone

Echelon stem

epiphyseal segment

Ertl bone bridge

Esmarch bandage

Ethibond sutures

exsanguinate

exsanguinated

extensor digitorum longus

extensor lengthening

external fixator

external rotators

fascia lata

fat pad

FCR tendon (FCR = flexor carpi radialis)

femoral head impactor and mallet

femoral neck

femoral neck osteotomy

fiberglass wrist splint

FiberWire suture

figure-of-eight suture

figure-of-four position

fluff dressing

fluffed gauze dressing

fluoroscopy

fluoroscopic guidance

fluted guide rod

four-hole quarter tubular plate

FPL tendon  (FPL = flexor pollicis longus)

fracture table

Freer elevator

Fukuda retractor

full-radius resector

full-thickness subperiosteal flaps

gastrocnemius

gastrocnemius recession

Gelfoam and thrombin

Gerdy's tubercle osteotomy

glenohumeral joint

gluteus maximus

gluteus medius and minimus

good capillary refill in all the toes

good purchase in the bone / good purchase within the bone

granulation tissue

grasping-type stitch

greater trochanter

Guardsman femoral interference screw

guidepin

HA-coated press-fit stem

hallux rigidus

hallux valgus deformity

hammertoe correction

Hand Innovations distal radius plate

hardware failure

hemiarthroplasty

Hemovac

high guillotine below-the-knee amputation

hip spica dressing

hole eliminators

horizontal mattress suture

iliac crest

iliotibial band

image intensification

incision centered over the greater trochanter

intercondylar notch

interference screw

interosseous ligament tear

interosseous vessels

intramedullary nail

Ioban

Ioban dressing

IT band

J-guide

Jones bulky dressing

JP drain

Kantrex solution

Kerlix bandage

Kerlix cast pad

Kerlix dressing

keyhole

knee immobilizer

kocherized

K-wires

lateral cortex of the femur

lateral meniscus

laxity

Leksell rongeur

Linvatec absorbable screw

LISS plate (Synthes)

locking condylar plate

locking jig

locking-loop suture technique

long leg cylinder cast

longitudinal rent

loss of fixation

lug hole

Mason-Allen fashion

McConnell headrest

medial meniscus

medial portal

medial tibial plateau

meniscal rim

metatarsophalangeal joint release

methyl methacrylate cement

microfracture of glenoid

mild to moderate protrusio

monocortical locking screws

Monocryl suture

morphogenic protein

Morse taper

notchplasty

olecranon chevron osteotomy

olive wire

oscillating saw

osteophytes

osteotomized

outside-in technique

over-the-top guidewire

Oxinium head

PACU (postanesthesia care unit)

Panalok RC double suture anchors

parrot-beak component (regarding meniscus)

patella alta

patella baja

patellofemoral joint

patellofemoral tracking

PCL (posterior cruciate ligament)

PDS suture (eg. 2-0 PDS suture)

periarticular locking screws

periosteum

peroneus longus tendon transfer

peroneus longus tenotomy

pilon fracture

pivot shift test

plica

polyethylene insert

polyethylene methacrylate cement

popliteus hiatus

posterior drawer

posterior horn

posterolateral portal

posterior T-shaped capsulotomy

posterior tibial tendon transfer

power sagittal saw

preoperative holding area

pretreated with prophylactic antibiotics

pronator quadratus

Propel screw

prophylactic antibiotics

prosthesis

ProxiLock hip system

pulsatile lavage

pulsatile lavaged

pyriformis fossa

radiolucent table

rasp

recon plate

reduction maneuver

Reflection SP3 cup

retropatellar fat pad

rongeur

rotator interval

sacroiliac joint

sagittal plane

sequential rasping

sequential reamer

sequential reamers

sequential reaming

sewn in a pants-over-vest manner

short leg cast

sizing jig

skin staples

Smith & Nephew's Genesis II cruciate-retaining total knee replacement

soft bulky dressing

Solar total shoulder system

split in line with its fibers

standard offset

stem

sterile gauze dressing

Steri-Strips

Stryker

Stryker Constavac drain

Stryker interference screws

Stryker nail

Stryker pain pump catheter

Stryker scope

Stryker wedge screw

subacromial space

subcapital fracture of femur

subtalar

sugar-tong splint

superficial fascia

suprapatellar pouch

sutures were tagged

syndesmosis

Synergy HA stem

synostosis

Synthes

T-capsulotomy

T-handle chuck

tension band fixation

T-handle

thigh-high tourniquet

thumb spica

tibial cutting jig

tibial keel

tibial plafond / tibial plafond fracture

tibial spine

tibial tubercle

tissue ablation device

titanium semitubular plate

T-type incision

tourniquet

TransFix guide

trial component

trial reduction

triceps-sparing approach

Trident acetabular shell

T-type incision

tuberosities

two-plane image intensification fluoroscopy

Ti-Cron suture

undyed Vicryl

unicortical locking screws

VAC drape

VAC sponge

valgus

varus

vascular clips

vastus

vastus lateralis

Verbrugge

VerSys stem

vertical mattress sutures

well-leg holder

whirlybird device

wound dehiscence

Zimmer

Z-type flap


NEUROSURGERY PROCEDURE

adequate bony purchase

AM-35 drill bit

AMA dissecting tool

Atlantis locking cervical plate

autologous bone graft

BMP sponge

bone morphogenic protein-soaked sponge

bur hole

cancellous bone screws

Cavitron Ultrasonic aspirator

CD Horizon system

collagen sponge

cortical cornerstone allograft

cross-links

Custom contoured titanium rods

domino connector screws

doughnut headrest

fibrillar collagen

FloSeal

frameless stereotaxy

Gliadel chemotherapeutic wafers

handheld Cloward retractor

Infuse bone morphogenic protein

iodine-impregnated adhesive sheet

Kerrison punches

Kitner dissectors

Kittner and Peanut sponges

legend screws

Ligaclips

Mayfield three-pin headholder

Midas Rex drill

morcellized

MRI stealth scan

packed with Osteofil

pituitary microbiopsy forceps

posts were drilled

post-holes were waxed

posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)

pulse jet irrigator

Rainbow retractors

Raney clips

rostrally

self-retaining Gelpi retractors

somatosensory evoked potential monitoring

strut graft arthrodesis

Synthes cranial plate

Tisseel

titanium strut graft

top loading nuts

top-loading connectors

Williams frame table 

PSYCHOLOGY

Explanation of Axis I to V:

Axis I:    Clinical disorders, syndromes and/or other areas of concern

Axis II:   Personality disorders and mental retardation

Axis III:  Medical conditions (which may impact emotions)

Axis IV:  Psychosocial stressors (death, divorce, loss of job, etc.)

Axis V:   Global assessment of functioning.

 

COMMON PHRASES AND WORDS:

3-step command

adjustment disorder with depressed mood

adjustment disorder with depressed mood, in full remission

adjustment disorder with diminished mood

adjustment disorder with mixed anxiety and depression

affect was appropriate to content and normal in range

affect was blunted / affect was full range

affect was tearful / affect was euthymic

alcohol-induced psychotic disorder with hallucinations

all three spheres / all 3 spheres

anhedonia

antisocial behavior

antisocial traits (personality disorder with antisocial traits)

apathy, indifference

aphasia

appears detached and aloof

ataxia

attention and concentration

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type

auditory or visual hallucinations

awareness of current events

bipolar affective disorder, type II

borderline personality disorder with obsessive-compulsive features

bradykinesia

bradyphrenia, bradykinesia, rigidity, psychomotor slowing

Broca's aphasia

buccofacial and ideomotor apraxia

capacity for self-introspection

chronic schizophrenia, paranoid type

chronological order

cluster B traits

cocaine-induced mood disorder

cogwheeling, rigidity, spasticity

command hallucinations

constricted affect

conversion disorder

coordination and gait are intact

deep tendon reflexes are brisk and equal

delayed grief

delusional

depressive disorder, not otherwise specified (NOS = not otherwise specified)

despondent

difficulty establishing andStatushing cognitive sets

disheveled

dysarthria

dysgraphia

dyskinetic movement

dysnomia, jargon or paraphasic errors

dysphoric mood

dysthymic disorder

emotional dyscontrol, lability, over-excited behavior and irritability 

expressive and receptive language

expressive aphasia

flight of ideas

Folstein Mini Mental Status Exam

formal thought disorder

frontal release signs such as sucking, snout reflex, grasp, palmomental reflex, nuchocephalic and self-grasping were not elicited on testing

fund of knowledge

fund of general knowledge

glabellar reflex

grandiose and expansive

grandiose ideation

grandiosity

grip strength

groomed

hallucinatory disturbances

hygiene and grooming (are fair / good / poor, etc)

hypothetical judgment

ideas of reference

illusionary experience

immediate recall / short-term recall

impulse control

impulse control disorder, not otherwise specified

impulsive reasoning

impulsivity, disinhibition

incoherent

insight and judgment

intermittent explosive disorder

internally preoccupied

judgment and problem-solving abilities

knee jerks

letter perception was intact

loosening of association or flight of ideas

maintains eye contact  / does not maintain eye contact

major depressive disorder

major depressive disorder, recurrent

memory abstractions

mental status is intact in all four spheres

mental status is intact in all four spheres

mood appears depressed

mood was labile

narcissistic and histrionic features

narcissistic personality disorder with antisocial traits

new learning and delayed recall

no field cut to gross confrontation

no field cut to gross confrontation

no strange or odd posturing or mannerism

noncommand hallucinations

nonpressured speech

normal tone, bulk and power in all extremities

Novel motor programming

object perception

opioid-induced anxiety disorder

oriented to time, place, and person

palate moves symmetrically

palate moves up in the midline

panic attack

panic disorder

panic disorder without agoraphobia

paranoid

paranoid ideations

paresthesias

passive death wishes

paucity of thought

perceptual abnormalities

persecutory delusions

persecutory ideas of reference

perseverations or stimulus bounded behavior

plantar reflexes are flexor bilaterally

plantar responses

poor historian

postictal confusion

posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

postural tremor

poverty of content

poverty of speech

prodromal symptoms of schizophrenia

proverb interpretation is concrete

proverb interpretation is fair

psychomotor dysfunction

psychopathology

psychotic symptoms

psychotic disorder, not otherwise specified

pupils are _____ (2, 3, or 4) mm and reactive

rapport seemed adequate

rate, volume and prosody of speech

reaction time to questions

reality testing was intact

recent and remote memory

recognition of low-level words

redirectable

reduplicative paramnesia

response to internal stimuli

responses were linear

restraints

Romberg

schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type

schizophrenia, paranoid subtype

schizophreniform disorder

sense of hopelessness

sensorium

Sensory exam:  All modalities are intact

serial 3s

serial 7s

shoulder shrugs

social phobia

somatic conversion symptom

somatic delusions

speech was clear, coherent, and goal directed

speech was normal rate, tone, volume

speech was rambling

staring into space

stream of mental activity was logical, relevant, coherent

stressors

suicidal or homicidal ideation

suicidal or homicidal ideas

switching cognitive sets

tactile discrimination

tangential thoughts

thought process was goal directed

thought blocking

thoughts, plan or intent (eg - suicidal or homicidal thoughts, plan or intent)

tongue protrudes to the midline

trend of thought

trouble with word finding

unintelligible and illogical

unresolved grief

uses rationalization and denial to explain

verbally contract for safety

vision was notable for floaters

visual fields are full to threat

visual fields were full and tactile localization was intact

visual withdrawal

visuoconstruction and visuomotor integration

voluminous details

Wernicke's aphasia

word salad and loose associations

word substitution 

NEUROLOGY/NEUROSURGERY 

abasia

absence seizures

acalculia

acaudal

accessory nerve

acetylcholine

acoustic schwannoma

afebrile seizure

afferent nerves

Alzheimer dementia

Alzheimer disease

amplitude

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (or ALS)

anencephaly

aneurysm

aphasia

apraxia

arachnoid foramen

arachnoid membrane

astasia

astrocyte

astrocytoma

ataxia

ataxic gait

atonic seizure

aura

autonomic nervous system

axon

axon reflex

Babinski reflex

Babinski sign

Babinski syndrome

bacterial meningitis

Bell palsy

blood-brain barrier

bradykinesia

brain stem OR brainstem

brain wave

brainstem astrocytoma

Broca aphasia

Broca convolution

Broca fissure

Brudzinski sign

bulldog response

cardioembolic stroke

carotid plexus

cauda equina

cephalalgia

cephalgia

cerebellar

cerebellopontine (or CP)

cerebellum

cerebral angiography

cerebral brucellosis

cerebral concussion

cerebral cortex

cerebral hemorrhage

cerebral palsy

cerebral poliomyelitis

cerebral ventricle

cerebrospinal fluid (or CSF)

cerebrospinal fluid analysis

cerebrovascular accident

cerebrum

cervical radiculopathy

clonic seizure

closed head injury

cognitive deficit

coma

comatose

community-acquired bacterial meningitis

convolution

corpus callosum

cranial nerves (I-XII)

craniostenosis

craniosynostosis

craniotomy

cystic encephalomalacia

delirium

delirium tremens (or DT)

dementia

demyelination

dendrite

dense hemiparesis

dense hemiplegia

diplegia

dopamine

dopamine agonist

dura mater

dyslexia

echoencephalography

efferent nerves

embolic stroke

embolism

encephalitis

encephalomalacia

encephalopathy

epidural hematoma

epilepsy

epileptic seizure

event recall

evoked seizure

expressive aphasia

festinating gait

fissure

flaccid paralysis

foramen

foraminal

fornix

fourth ventricle

frontal lobe

galea

galea aponeurotica

ganglia

ganglion

ganglionectomy

giant cell astrocytoma

glioblastoma multiforme

glioma

grand mal seizure

gray matter

Guillain-Barré polyneuritis

Guillain-Barré syndrome

gyri

gyrus

hemianencephaly

hemianopia

hemiparesis

hemiplegia

hemorrhagic stroke

Huntington chorea

hydrocephalus

hyperesthesia

hyperkinesis

hypophysis

hypothalamus

intrathecal

Jolly reaction

lacunar stroke

laminectomy

leptomeningitis

lumbar puncture

lumbosacral radiculopathy

median nerve

medulla oblongata

meningeal

meninges

meningioma

meningitis

meningomyelocele

microglial cell

mild dementia

monoplegia

motor impairment

MRA

MRI

multiinfarct dementia

multiple sclerosis (or MS)

myasthenia gravis

myasthenic reaction

myelin sheath

myelogram

narcolepsy

neuralgia

neurological deficit

neuron

neuropathy

neurotransmitter

new-onset seizure

normocephalic

occipital lobe

orthostatic syncope

palsy

paraplegia

paresis

paresthesia

parietal lobe

parietooccipital fissure

Parkinson disease

peripheral nervous system

petit mal seizures

pia mater

piloid astrocytoma

poliomyelitis

polyneuritis

pons

postictal paresis

quadriplegia

radiculitis

radiculopathy

residual hemiparesis

Romberg sign

Romberg test

schwannoma

sciatic nerve

secondary seizure

seizure activity

senile delirium

senile dementia

senile tremor

sensory ataxia

sensory evoked potential

sensory impairment

shearing injury

somatosensory aura

somatosensory evoked potential

spastic hemiparesis

spastic hemiplegia

spastic quadriplegia

spina bifida

staphylococcal meningitis

stellate astrocyte

stereotactic neurosurgery

stimulus

subclinical seizure

sulci

sulcus

sylvian fissure

sympathetic nerves

synapse

synapse loss

syncopal

syncope

tandem stance

TBI or traumatic brain injury

thalamic

thalamus

thecal

thecal sac

thrombosis

titubation

tonic-clonic seizures

t-PA (tissue plasminogen activator)

transient hemiparesis

transient ischemic attack or TIA

trephination

tuberculous meningitis

vagal

vagotomy

vagovagal

vasovagal epilepsy

vasovagal syncope

venous thrombosis

ventricle of brain

vestibular schwannoma

viral meningitis

visual reflex epilepsy

visuospatial

vocal cord paralysis

waddling gait

Wernicke aphasia

whiplash injury

white matter

wide-necked aneurysm

Wolf-Orton bodies

Wolman disease

woodcutter's encephalitis

wormian bones

PHYSICAL THERAPY AND PODIATRY 

abduction brace

abduction hip splint

abduction pillow

active-assisted range-of-motion exercise

activities of daily living

adaptive devices

American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scale

ankle-foot orthosis or AFO

ankle-pump exercise

antidecubitus mattress

aquatic therapy

arm trough

aspiration precautions

assistive devices

balance board

bathroom equipment

bed mobility

bed rails

bedside commode

bed-to-wheelchair transfers

broad-based cane

broad-based gait

buddy strap/splint

Bunny boot

calcaneal stance

chin tuck technique (dysphagia patients)

compensatory techniques

contact guard assistance

CPM (continuous passive motion) device

dependent for all self-care activities

dressing stick

eggcrate mattress

electrical stimulation

elevating leg rest

energy conservation techniques and pacing

footdrop gait

front-wheel walker

functional transfers

gentle passive range of motion

give-way weakness

Glasgow coma scale score

grip strength

halo vest

hand grasp strength

handicap parking placard

HBO therapy

heel lift

hospital bed

Hoyer lift

hygiene, feeding, grooming, upper and lower body dressing, and transfer skills

joint laxity

Kydex jacket

lightweight wheelchair

LiteGait device

long handle shoe horn

long handle sponge

lumbosacral corset

maximal assistance, moderate assistance, minimal assistance

maximal assistance for grooming

Minerva vest

minimal/maximal assistance

modified independence level

moist heat therapy

Moon boot

motorized scooter

motorized wheelchair

one-person assistance, two-person assistance

oral motor control

parallel bars

passive resistive exercise

physical therapy, occupational therapy, rehab nursing, therapeutic

recreation

pregait and gait training

pressure relief ankle foot orthosis or PRAFO

psychomotor performance

quad cane

quad knobs and brake extenders

raised toilet seat

Rancho ankle foot control device

range of motion

recreational therapy

requires setup for

rickshaw rehabilitation exerciser

ROHO bed

rolling walker

safety awareness

self-care independence

self-care skills

self-propel wheelchairs

shoe lift

shower chair

single-point cane

sit to stand

sitting/standing balance

sliding board transfers

sock aid and reacher

spinal cord injury orientation session

spinal precautions

standard leg rest

standby to contact guard assistance

supervised level with

swing-through gait

swing-through phase of ambulation

team conference

TED hose

Thera-Band

therapeutic recreation

toe-touch weightbearing status

toilet-to-tub/shower transfers

total dependence

trapeze

Trendelenburg gait

Vail bed

Venodyne boot

vibratory stimulation

weightbearing as tolerated

whirlpool therapy


PODIATRY

ankle dorsiflexion

balls of feet

Birkenstock orthotic/shoe

bunion

calcaneal cuboid joint

collapse of the arch

cryptotic nails

curve-lasted shoe

debride nails

dystrophic nails

exostosis

first MJP

functional hallux limitus

gel heel lifts

Haglund deformity

hallux

HAV deformity

heel pads

heel protectors

hyperostosis

ingrown nails

IPJ ossicle

longitudinal arch

metatarsus adductus deformity

midtarsal joint sag

navicula

neutral calcaneal stance

onychauxis

onychocryptosis

onychomycosis

orthotics

plantar fasciitis

plantarflexed

poststatic dyskinesia

proprioceptive exercises

raise and invert heels

sinus tarsi area

Spenco inserts

Superfeet orthotic insole

too-many-toe sign

tyloma

underlapping toe

varus rearfoot wedge

visual gait analysis

walking cast boot  

OB/GYN MEDICAL AND SURGICAL

ACMI Circon operative hysteroscope

abruptio placentae

acorn manipulating cannula

adhesions

Allen forceps

Allis clamp

anterior cervical lip

Apogee mesh

Auvard weighted speculum

Babcock clamp

Bard-Parker blade

bipolar coagulation forceps

bivalved speculum

bladder flap

bladder suspension

Bookwalter retractor

box curette

broad ligament

bulky uterus

candy-cane stirrups

cardinal ligament

cardinal ligament pedicles

cervical os

cervical stump

cervicovaginal angle

cervicovaginal junction

chromopertubation with methylene blue dye

ClearView uterine manipulator

Cohen uterine manipulator

Cohen cannula

Cohen-Eder cannula

colpotomy

cone biopsy

copper ParaGard IUD

cul-de-sac

curved Zeppelin clamp

Cytotec

descensus

endocervical canal

endocervical curetting

endocervix

endometrial cavity

end-to-end anastomosis sizer

erosive cervicitis

Falope rings

GIA stapling device

Graves speculum

Hanks dilator

Heaney curette

Hegar dilator

high forceps delivery

high lithotomy position

Hulka tenaculum

HUMI manipulating cannula

hydrosalpinx

Hyskon

hysteroscope

infraumbilical incision

infundibulopelvic ligament

Interceed

internal os

Jackson retractor

Jorgenson scissors

Kahn cannula

Kelly clamp

Kevorkian curette

Kevorkian-Younge biopsy punch

Kleppinger bipolar forceps

Kocher clamp

Lahey clamps

Lapra-Ty suture clip

LigaSure device

ligature vaso-occlusive device

loss of rugae

Mayo scissors

Methergine

Metzenbaum scissors

moist laparotomy pad

Nezhat suction-irrigation probe

NovaSure generator system

NovaSure instrument

obturator spaces

Optiview trocar

ostia

patulous cervix

pelvic sidewall

Penrose drain

Perigee mesh

peritoneal window

Pfannenstiel incision

Pipelle endometrial biopsy device

Pitocin

Pitressin

polyp forceps

posterior cervical lip

Potts-Smith forceps

Pratt dilator

preeclampsia

products of conception

Randall stone forceps

Ray-Tec sponge

red Robinson catheter

red rubber catheter

red-rubber catheter

removed in toto

resectoscope loop

right-angle retractor

round ligament

Ray-Tec sponge

Rubin cannula

RUMI uterine manipulator

ruptured bag of waters

self-retaining retractor

Seprafilm

Simpson weighted speculum

Sims vaginal retractor

single-tooth tenaculum

SonoSurg instrument

sponge stick

step-up sleeve

suprapubic incision

SurgiWrap Bioresorbable (adhesion barrier)

symphysis pubis

ThermaChoice balloon

towel clips

triple-tooth tenaculum

tubal ostia

UltraPulse coherent laser

uterine fibroid

uterine manipulator/injector (UMI)

uterine sound

uterine vessels were skeletonized

uteroovarian pedicles

uterosacral ligament

vaginal cuff

vaginal fornix

vaginal vault

vasoocclusive device

Veress needle

weighted speculum

Zeppelin clamp 

DERMATOLOGY

ABCD (asymmetry, border, color, and diameter)

Accutane

acne

acne vulgaris

actinic keratosis

albino

allergic contact dermatitis

allergic eczema

alopecia

angioedema

angular cheilitis

angular stomatitis

anhidrosis

anicteric

aphthous stomatitis

atopic dermatitis

atypical skin lesions

basal cell carcinoma

Behcet disease

benign-appearing nevi

bulla

bullae

callus

chancre

collagen

comedo

comedones

condyloma

condylomata

cyst

decubitus ulcer

dermatologist

dermatomycosis

dermatoplasty

dermis

diaper dermatitis

diaper rash

diaphoresis

ecchymoses

ecchymosis

eczema

electrodesiccation

epidermis

epithelium

erythematous

erythematous, scaly rash

exanthema

exanthematous

excoriation

fleshy mole

folliculitis

freckle

hidradenitis

hidradenitis suppurativa

Hutchinson freckle

hyperkeratosis

hyperpigmentation

ichthyosis

impetigo

integumentary

intertriginous

intertrigo

itchiness

Kaposi sarcoma

keloid

keratin

keratosis

leishmaniasis

lentigines

lentiginous junctional dysplastic nevus

lentigo

leukoderma

leukoplakia

lichenification

Lidex cream

lipoma

macule

maculopapule

malar erythema

melanin

melanocyte

melanoma

Mohs surgery

mole

mottled hyperpigmentation

nevi

nevus

onychomycosis

papule

paronychia

petechia

petechiae

photoaging

photodamaged skin

pilonidal cyst

pityriasis rosea

poison ivy

polyp

prickly heat

proliferative dermatitis

pruritic rash

pruritus

pruritus ani

psoriasis

psoriatic

psoriatic plaques

purpura

purulent

pustule

pyoderma

Retin-A

Rhus dermatitis

rosacea

rubella

rubeola

scabies

scleroderma

sebaceous gland

seborrheic blepharitis

seborrheic dermatitis

sebum

skin tag or skin tags

slow Mohs (surgery or procedure)

solar dermatitis

Spectazole cream

squamous cell carcinoma

squamous epithelium

steatoma

stomatitis

stork bites

strawberry hemangiomas

sty

subcutaneous

subungual

sun-damaged skin

systemic lupus erythematosus

tan lines

tinea cruris

tinea versicolor

triamcinolone cream

turgor

ulcer

urticaria

verruca

verrucae

vesicle

vitiligo

wart

weeping eczema

wheal

wheal-and-flare reaction

whitehead

xanthoma

xeroderma

xerosis 

ORTHOPEDIC TESTS

anterior drawer test

Apley distraction test

Apley grinding test

ballotable patella test

bounce home test

brachial plexus tension test

brush test

Clarke test

Cram test or popliteal test

crossover test

cruciate ligament test

distraction test

drawer test

drop-arm test for rotator cuff

elbow flexion test

FABER test (FABER = flexion, abduction and external rotation)

foraminal compression test

Fowler test

Gaenslen test

Gillet test

golfer elbow test or medial epicondylitis

gravity drawer test

Hawkin test for shoulder impingement

Homans test

Hoover sign / Hoover test

impingement test

inferior sulcus test

Kernig sign / Kernig test

Lachman test

lateral collateral ligament test

Lewin snuff test

ligamentous instability test

Ludington test

McMurray test

medial collateral ligament test

Neer test for shoulder impingement

patellar apprehension test

patellar apprehension test

Patrick test or Patrick’s test

pelvic rock test

Phalen test or Phalen’s test

pivot-shift test

posterior drawer test

prone knee flexion test or reverse Lasegue test

sag sign

shoulder apprehension test

side-lying iliac compression test

Speed test for biceps

spring test

Steinmann test

straight leg raising test

stroke test

supraspinatus test

tandem gait test

tennis elbow test or lateral epicondylitis test

thump test (for the ankle)

Tinel sign

varus/valgus stress

Wilson test

Yergason biceps tendinitis test

Yergason test for subluxing biceps 

ENT

#57 Beaver blade

1% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine

15 Bard-Parker blade

15 blade

30-degree telescope

4-mm, 0-degree endoscope

45-degree Blakesley forceps

90-degree giraffe forceps

Afrin-soaked pledget

alligator forceps

anterior and posterior ethmoid air cells

Armstrong beveled PE tubes

Armstrong grommet ear tube

ArthroCare Coblator

aryepiglottic fold

Asch forceps

backbiter

back-biting forceps

Baron #5 ear suction

Bellucci ear forceps

Bellucci scissors

Blakesley forceps

bony cartilaginous junction

Bowman probe

Buck curette

bulla ethmoidalis

Caldwell-Luc incision

Caldwell-Luc procedure

cephalic trim

cholesteatoma

chorda tympani

coblated

Coblation

Coblator II wand

cocaine and 1% Xylocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine

cocaine-soaked nasal pledgets

concha bullosa

Cottle elevator

cottonoids

cotton pledgets

cricopharyngeus muscle

Crowe-Davis mouth gag

cryptic tonsils

curved Allis clamp

curved microdebrider

curved single-guarded Neivert osteotome

Davis-McIvor mouthgag

Dedo laryngoscope

Denver splint

Donaldson tube

dorsal hump reduction

dorsal spreader grafts

dorsal strut

Doyle splint

epitympanic space

ethmoid bowl

ethmoid bulla

ethmoid labyrinth

ethmoid sinus roof

Fisher dissector

floor of the nose

Floxin drops

Frazier suction tube

Frazier tip suction

Freer elevator

Freer knife

frontal recess

Gelfoam

Gorney scissors

greater palatine foramen

Guthrie hook

halothane induction

Harmonic scalpel

hemitransfixion incision

Hopkins rod telescope

incudostapedial joint

inferior turbinates

Jansen-Middleton forceps

Keith needle

Kerrison sphenoid punch

Killian incision

lamina papyracea

LandmarX navigation system

L-strut

manubrium of the malleus

maxillary acrylic splint

maxillary crest

Mayo stand

McGee crimper

McGee stapes prosthesis

Merocel Kennedy sinus pack

middle turbinate

middle turbinate was medialized

morselizer

mouth gag

mucoperichondrial flaps

mucoperichondrium

mucoperiosteal flaps

mucosal flaps

mulberry-tip

mustache dressing

myringotomy knife

nasal passageway

nasal vault

Nasopore nasal dressing

Neiman splint

Neo-Synephrine impregnated cottonoid

open septorhinoplasty

oropharyngeal pack

osteotomy done in low-to-low fashion

otoabrader

Parsons window

planum sphenoidale

Pope tympanostomy tube

pull-type rasp

pull-type rasp

quilting stitch

Ray-Tec sponge

reosteotomized

Reuter bivalve splint

Reuter bobbin tube

Richards modified T-tube

Rosen needle

Schobinger incision (radical neck dissection procedure)

septal cartilage sandwich graft

septorhinoplasty

sharp iris scissors

sickle knife

sinusotomy

Skeeter drill

soft palate retractor

sphenoid base

St. Clair-Thompson forceps

stair-step incision

Stammberger side-biting forceps

stapedial footplate

straight-biting Blakesley forceps

StraightShot microdebrider

subperichondrial plane

subperiosteal plane

superior pole of tonsil

superior tonsillar fossa

supratip break of the nose

Tabb knife

Takahashi forceps

Takahashi rongeur

tonsil calculus

tonsillar fossa

tonsil pack

tonsillar pillar

tonsil tenaculum

tonsillolith

tragal pump

transcartilaginous incision

transcolumellar V incision

transnasal red rubber catheter

transoral sphenopalatine block

Tru-Cut forceps

tympanomeatal flap

uncinate

uncinectomy

undersurface of sella

uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

vallecula

vomerine groove

Zeiss operating microscope

zygomatic arch

PAIN CLINIC

 _____ (22, 18, etc.) gauge needle
 
aseptic technique
 
bupivacaine
 
C-arm
 
epidural spread
 
fluoroscopic imaging suite
 
fluoroscopic-guided needle placement
 
interspace (eg, L4-5 interspace)
 
intraforaminal spread
 
Isovue-M 200 dye
 
Isovue-M 300 dye
 
joint space lucency
 
Kenalog
 
lidocaine local infiltration
 
loss-of-resistance technique
 
lumbar facet
 
Marcaine
 
negative aspiration and test dose
 
negative aspiration for blood
 
neural foramen
 
no CSF leak
 
preservative-free Depo-Medrol
 
superior articular process
 
transforaminal epidural
 
Tuohy needle

DIAGNOSTIC SCANS, STUDIES & TESTS

VARIOUS STUDIES

24-hour pH study

24-hour urine study

48-hour Bravo pH study

adenosine isotope study

arterial flow study

barium enema study

barium study

bedside swallow study

blood volume study

bone marrow study

brain flow study

CDT study

color flow study

cystogram study

cystometric study

DNA PCR study

Endocapsule study

EP study

esophageal manometry study

esophageal motility study

gastric emptying study

Gastrografin study

HIDA CCK study

HIPA study

intrathecal pump dye study

leak point pressure study

M2A capsule study

mapping study

multigated acquisition study

Myoview study

nerve conduction study

nuclear medicine study

overnight oxygen saturation study

peak flow study

perfusion imaging study

pneumogram study

PSG study

radionuclide shunt study

reflux study

right retrograde ureteropyelogram study

sleep study

small bowel study

STA-MCA bypass study

stool study

stress nuclear study

symptom index study

tagged red cell study

tilt-table study

transesophageal echo with bubble study

transthoracic echocardiogram with bubble study

urodynamic study

video swallow study

visual field study

voiding pressure study

EMG

amplitude

conduction velocity

F-wave latencies

H reflex latency

median and ulnar nerves

median nerve motor distal latency

motor and sensory responses

peroneal nerves

sural sensory nerves

Pulmonary Function Test (PFT)

a/A ratio

ABG

air trapping

bronchospasm

bronchospastic component

CPAP

DLCO (diffusing capacity of lungs for carbon monoxide)

DPAP (diffuse pressure/airway pressure)

expiratory limb

FEF

FEF 25-75%

FEV1

FEV1:FVC ratio

FiO2

flow-volume loop

IP (intermittent pressure)

IPPB (intermittent positive pressure breathing)

IPPV (intermittent positive pressure ventilation)

lung mechanics

Mallampati airway classification stages

maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV)

MVV (maximum voluntary ventilation)

obstructive defect.

PEEP (positive end-expiratory pressure/PEEP valve)

response to bronchodilators

restrictive lung disorder

RV:TLC ratio

spirometry

TLC (total lung capacity)

TVC (timed vital capacity

Venti mask

Ventilator:   assist control mode, tidal volume , FiO2, PEEP (positive end-expiratory pressure)

CHEST X-RAY TERMS

chest x-ray reveals: (one of the following below):

  • cardiomegaly
  • congestive heart failure
  • elevated hemidiaphragms
  • emphysema
  • hilar fullness
  • hyperexpanded lungs
  • increased reticular markings
  • infiltrates
  • infrahilar mass
  • patchy infiltrate
  • pleural effusion
  • pneumonia
  • pulmonary congestion
  • reversible ischemia
  • scarring

SLEEP STUDY (POLYSOMNOGRAPHY)

apnea-hypopnea index

arousal index

Cadwell EZ II system

cardiopulmonary parameters

CPAP

desaturation profile

Epworth sleepiness scale

flexible finger probe pulse oximeter

hypersomnolence

latency to REM sleep

latency to REM sleep

latency to sleep onset

narcolepsy

number of awakenings

obstructive apneas

oxygen desaturation

periodic leg movements

periodic leg movements

Piezoelectric film strain gauges

RDI

sleep architecture

sleep efficiency

slow wave sleep

snoring profile

SpO2

stage I, II, III, IV sleep

thermistor beads

total number of REM events

total recording time

total sleep time

SCANS

carotid Doppler scan

CT/CAT scan

DEXA bone scan

GI bleeding scan

HIDA scan

MRI scan

MUGA scan

myocardial perfusion scan

PET scan

SPECT scan

V/Q scan (or ventilation/perfusion scan)

venous duplex scan

STRESS TEST

adenosine

Bruce protocol

Cardiolite

LVH by voltage

maximum blood pressure

Maximum workload attained _____ METS

millicuries technetium tetrofosmin

predicted maximum heart rate

resting electrocardiogram

resting hemodynamics

resting perfusion images

risk stratification

SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging

stress test lab

Electrophysiology Study/Catheterization

1:1 VA conduction

AH interval

AV nodal Wenckebach

balloon catheter

Biosense Webster NaviStar catheter

bipolar steroid-eluting screw-in lead

burst atrial pacing

cannulation of the coronary sinus

capture thresholds

cardiac output

carotid sinus massage with a pause

conduction parameters

contractility pattern

Cordis Webster deflectable decapolar catheter

coronary sinus deflectable catheter

coupling interval of

defibrillator lead

detailed mapping

diaphragmatic stimulation

femoral vein

fixed curve Bard quadripolar catheter

fluoroscopic guidance

French Angio-Seal

French introducer

French JL-4 catheter

French peel-away

French pigtail catheter

French sheath

generator

gradient seen on pullback

Guidant inner Rapido catheter

guidewire

His-Purkinje function

HV interval

HV prolongation

ICD lead revision

infra-His block

Integrilin

interelectrode spacing

interrogate

isoproterenol

Isovue  (contrast)

J stylet

joules

JR-4 catheter

junctional rhythm

J-wire

LAO projection

left ventricular end-diastolic pressure

long QT syndrome

Medtronic Attain guiding catheter

Medtronic InSync Maxima

myocardial pacing lead

no AH jump

no heart block seen

opening aortic pressure

overdrive ventricular pacing

pacing and sensing

pacing cycle length

power (measured in watts)

PR interval

prepectoral fascial pocket

programmed right ventricular stimulation drive cycle

QRS duration

QT interval

QT prolongation

quadripolar EP catheters

radiofrequency ablation

radiofrequency catheter ablation

RAO view

refractory periods

resistance (in ohms)

RF energy delivery

RV capture threshold

R-wave

Seldinger technique

shock impedance (in ohms)

signal dropout

single premature stimuli

slow pathway area

spanning systole and diastole

SR-0 long sheath

subclavian vein

tachycardia focus

TAXUS stent

Terumo guidewire

thresholds were measured

transesophageal echocardiography

ventricular outflow tract

vessel filling

Visipaque (a radiopaque agent)

Whisper wire

COMMON LAB TERMS

WBC , hemoglobin , hematocrit , platelet count , segs , lymphs, eos, monos, bands, basos, retic count.

MCV, MCH, RDW

ESR ,  PT , INR , PTT .

sodium , potassium , chloride , CO2 , BUN , creatinine , glucose , albumin , magnesium, calcium .

ammonia

alkaline phosphatase , AST , ALT, bilirubin (direct or total).

albumin, protein

amylase, lipase

creatine kinase, CK-MB , MB% , troponin less than 0.3, digoxin level .

ABG , pH , pCO2 , pO2 , bicarb , oxygen saturation on room air.

BNP level

BUN and creatinine

complement C3, complement C4

C-reactive protein or CRP

D-dimer, ESR, GGT

HDL, LDL, triglycerides, cholesterol

IgA, IgG, IgM, IgE

serum iron, TIBC

LDH

CD4, CD8

PSA

TSH, T3, T4, free T3 and free T4

anion gap, base excess

Urinalysis essentially within normal limits.  specific gravity, wbc's, rbc's, blood, ketones, protein, nitrites, leukocytes, bacteria, squamous epithelial cells, etc. UA by clean catch midstream. Urine beta hCG.

cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) - albumin, cell count, chloride, glucose, IgG, pressure, protein

fecal white blood cell, ova and parasites (O&P), Clostridium difficile toxin (CDT) assay

HIV serology

protein electrophoresis

rapid strep, Monospot, Chem-7, influenza antigen

rheumatoid titers 

(x) sets of cardiac enzymes (where x  =  2, 3, 5, etc)

stool for culture and ova/parasite

 

EEG

48-hour ambulatory EEG

admixed sharp waves

alpha activity

alpha waves

artifacts

awake stage

beta activity

beta waves

bilateral spike and wave complexes

bilaterally synchronous and symmetrical

bipolar and monopolar montages

bisynchronous

burst suppression pattern

bursts

bursts of high amplitude

Cadwell EEG equipment

cycles per second

delta frequency

driving response to photic stimulation

drowsiness

electrode artifacts

enhanced beta activity

flash frequencies

frontocentral theta activity

high-voltage waves

intermittent rhythmic delta activity

K complexes

lateralizing abnormalities

low amplitude waves cycling at (xx - xx Hz) where xx represents values (eg, 10-12 Hz)

monomorphic

normal sleep patterns

parieto-occipital sharp waves

phantom spike-and-wave bursts

polymorphic

posterior dominant waveforms

postictal

predominant theta rhythm

psychomotor variant

quasi-periodic fashion

rare sharp waves

reactive to eye opening

REM sleep

rhythmical temporal theta burst

sleep spindles

slow rolling eye movements

spikes

spindle coma

spindling beta

stage II sleep

symmetric posterior rhythm

theta

theta waves

vertex sharp transients

well-organized, well-developed waves


18-channel digital EEG; 21-channel digital EEG

24-hour ambulatory EEG

alpha activity in the posterior regions

attenuates with eye opening

attenuation

awake stage

background rhythm

bilaterally synchronous and symmetrical

blocks with eye opening

diffuse cortical dysfunction

dominant posterior rhythm

drowsiness

EMG artifacts

epileptiform discharges

eye movement artifacts

hyperventilation

international 10-20 placement system

lateralizing abnormalities

microvolt alpha rhythm

multichannel digital EEG

paroxysmal activities or focal abnormalities

photic stimulation

resting record - well organized and symmetric

rhythmic sharp discharge

slowing of background rhythm

spike-and-wave discharges

stage II sleep

superimposed low voltage fast beta activity

well-organized, well-developed, low voltage

MRI AND MRA 

3D time-of-flight study

anterior communicating artery

axial images

conus

coronal images

delayed images

distal A1 and proximal A2 segments of the anterior cerebral artery

FLAIR images

globular increased signal

ICA/ECA complex (MRA of carotid arteries)

mass effect

middle cerebral arteries

MRA of circle of Willis

multiplanar images

neural foraminal

sagittal proton density sequences

sagittal T1 and T2 weighted images

vitamin E  gel capsule

EKG

akinetic

aortic root, left atrium,  right ventricle, left ventricle,

aortic/mitral/tricuspid valve

color flow imaging and Doppler study

concentric left ventricular hypertrophy

conduction abnormalities

diastolic function

estimated ejection fraction

global hypokinesis

hypocontractile

intraluminal pathology

pericardial effusion

poor sonic window

suboptimal

systolic excursion

valve leaflets

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